The forest policy is expected to contribute to the government's efforts for implementation of other forestry related sectors adopted policies and strategies aiming at supporting the strengthening of the forest and related sectors, reducing rural poverty and supporting the processes of democratization, decentralization, privatization, institutional development and transition to an open market economy, insofar as these processes relate to the forest and forest related sector. Among others, the forest policy can serve in strengthen the institutional capacity of concerned institutions for implementation of the national forest related policies and strategies, to promote integrated forest management and practices, play a significant role in process of rural development and assess the forestry and related sectors adaption and mitigation capacity to combat climate changes.
The process of forest policy is based on a broad participation of various stakeholders at the national and local levels. It is coordinated by a multi-stakeholder working group, chaired by designated body, or competent outstanding person. Such a participatory process in a very complex context of a country, gave many important lessons that could be considered by other countries with similar challenges that would decide to enter into a forest policy formulation process. The challenge is to introduce forest policy as a logical framework comprising the already existing initiatives and to define new perspectives for development of forestry sector in general.
Forest policy process need to be understood as whole spectra of different sectoral and cross-sectoral activities based on complex interactions between various forest and forestry based initiatives.
Additionally, forest policy may contribute in improvements in the public and private sectors for efficiency and increased productivity to make a more significant contribution to the national economy. This includes improvement of forest sector administration, institutional strengthening, comprehensive policy mechanisms, better management practices, more effective training programs, particularly at the technical level and better human resource utilization, greater accountability and transparency, and mainly participation in decision making that will lead to improved utilization of forest resources on a sustainable basis for local and national well-being.
"The forestry sector alone cannot achieve sustainable forest management. Other sectors' policies, especially that of agriculture and livestock management, energy, water and tourism, may directly or indirectly influence the way forest resources are managed. They may sometimes even foster deforestation and forest degradation. On the other hand, the goods and services from trees and forests also benefit other sectors and forestry plays an important role in rural development and the livelihoods of the poor.
Global trends such as increased demand for energy and raw materials, globalization, trade liberalization and the diversification of demand for forest goods and services, have enhanced this reciprocity. To achieve sustainable forest management, the forestry sector therefore needs to engage with other sectors so as to better coordinate and harmonize policies, especially in areas of conflicting priorities.
The non-legally binding instrument on all types of forests adopted at the Seventh Session of the United Nations Forum on Forests in April 2007 encourages member states to identify and implement measures to enhance cooperation and coordination of policies and programmes among sectors affecting and affected by forest policies and management. It thus aims to integrate the forestry sector into national decision-making processes and promote sustainable forest management by addressing the underlying causes of deforestation and forest degradation, and by promoting forest conservation, among others." (FAO)